What causes feminization of agriculture?
Feminization of agriculture more often involves women from poorer households who own little or no land. Women generally perform manual, time-intensive, lower paying work such as fruit, vegetable and cotton harvesting, drying produce and transplanting rice. They also often have less job security.
What is meant by feminization of agriculture?
In feminist economics, the feminization of agriculture refers to the measurable increase of women’s participation in the agricultural sector, particularly in the developing world. The phenomenon started during the 1960s with increasing shares over time.
What factors led to increased agricultural production?
The increased agricultural production of the 18th century can be traced to four interrelated factors:
- The increased availability of farmland.
- A favorable climate.
- More livestock.
- Improved crop yield.
Why is feminization of poverty important?
Addressing the causes of the feminization of poverty does not only benefit women but also has structural implications. Studies have shown that increasing women’s educational attainment and paid labor force participation rates directly impact economic growth.
What transformations appear in rural society after independence?
These included: (i) an increase in the use of agricultural labour as cultivation became more intensive; (ii) a shift from payment in kind (grain) to payment in cash; (iii) a loosening of traditional bonds or hereditary relationships between farmers or landowners and agricultural workers (known as bonded labour);
What is operational holding in agriculture?
An operational holding is defined as “all land, which is used wholly or partly for agricultural production and is operated as one technical unit by one person alone or with others without regard to title, legal form, size or location”.
What is contract farming system class 12?
Ans: In “contract farming” systems, the company identifies the crop to be grown, provides the seeds and other inputs, as well as the know how and often also the working capital. In return, the farmer is assured of a market because the company guarantees that it will purchase the produce at a predetermined fixed price.
What did the Agricultural Revolution led to the need for organized?
The agricultural revolution led to the need for organized government.
What were the two major changes that lead to increase in agriculture production?
There were two major changes in agriculture around this time. One was the growing use of iron plough shares. This meant that heavy, clayey soil could be turned over better than with a wooden plough share, so that more grain could be produced. Second, people began transplanting paddy.
What has led to an increase in agricultural production since independence?
Expansion of area was the main source of growth in the period of fifties and sixties after that the contribution of increased land area under agricultural production has declined over time and increase in productivity became the main source of growth in agricultural production.
Which of the following is a major cause of the feminization of poverty?
Deprivation passes on from one generation of women to the next, leading to a perpetual feminization of poverty. The main reason behind this cycle of poverty is the lower earnings of women. Persistent gender discrimination in the labor force does not allow the majority of women quality work.
What does feminization of poverty mean quizlet?
The term “Feminization of poverty” refers to the fact that there is an increasing concentration of poverty among women, especially among unmarried women with children. … During the 1960s and 1970s, the gap between the rich and the poor was smaller than it is today.