What is meant by the feminization of poverty?

What is meant by the phrase feminization of poverty quizlet?

The term “Feminization of poverty” refers to the fact that there is an increasing concentration of poverty among women, especially among unmarried women with children.

What can be said of the feminization of poverty?

Feminization of poverty describes a phenomenon in which women represent disproportionate percentages of the world’s poor. UNIFEM describes it as “the burden of poverty borne by women, especially in developing countries”. … Women’s increasing share of poverty is related to the rising incidence of lone mother households.

What are the three major causes of the feminization of poverty?

The underlying causes for women’s poverty vary across countries but generally fall into one of three main categories—demographic composition, economic conditions, and government policy.

What does relative poverty mean?

Relative poverty describes circumstances in which people cannot afford actively to participate in society and benefit from the activities and experiences that most people take for granted. It is conventionally defined as 40, 50 or 60 percent of national median disposable income.

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What is absolute poverty in sociology quizlet?

absolute poverty. a condition of impoverishment in which people have to spend all of their income to pay for their basic needs for food, clothing and shelter.

Who coined feminization of poverty?

The coining of the term “feminization of poverty” is widely attributed to Diana Pearce (1978), who, on the basis of statistical analysis for the United States between the 1950s and 1970s, reported a trend towards increased concentration of income poverty among women, and especially among Afro-American female-headed …

What is the feminization of poverty and how does divorce contribute to it?

Peterson is correct that rising divorce rates are responsible in part for the feminization of poverty, since divorce transforms a male- headed household into a female-headed household. The Census Bureau counts husband-wife families as male-headed regardless of the earnings or employment situation of the two spouses.

Which of the following is a major cause of the feminization of poverty?

Deprivation passes on from one generation of women to the next, leading to a perpetual feminization of poverty. The main reason behind this cycle of poverty is the lower earnings of women. Persistent gender discrimination in the labor force does not allow the majority of women quality work.

What is the feminization of labour?

Feminisation of the labour force refers to the rapid and substantial increase in the proportions of women in paid employment over the last two decades. … In ‘non-traditional’ horticultural exports, low-paid seasonal female employment has a crucial role in production in many countries in the south.

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What is feminization of migration?

The feminisation of migration gives rise to specific problematic forms of migration, such as the commercialised migration of women and girls as domestic workers and caregivers, often resulting in the trafficking of women for labour and sexual exploitation.

What led to the feminization of agricultural labour force?

Agriculture sector employs 80% of all economically active women; they comprise 33% of the agricultural labour force and 48% of self employed farmers. … According to the Economic Survey 2017-18, a rise in migration of men from rural to urban areas has resulted in feminization of agriculture.